Jaboticaba Bonsai Care [Plinia cauliflora]

The Jaboticaba Bonsai is a lovely and astonishing beauty hailing from Southern Brazil that will surely captivate people’s attention and interest. The Jaboticaba Bonsai is a graceful and upright tree with dark-green and glossy foliage brushed with pink when spring comes.

Its bark has a cinnamon colour with a habit of peeling off in curls little by little that further add to its already captivating visual impact. Mature Jaboticaba flowers and produces fruits all over the branches and trunk.

Scientific namePlinia cauliflora
Average height10 to 25 feet
Average spread8 to 20 feet
Origin countrySoutheastern Brazil
SunlightFull sun

Jaboticaba bonsai history

Jaboticaba (Brazilian Tree Grape ) // How To Grow It // Why To Love It

Jaboticaba is a native of Southern Brazil and is a relative of Guava and a part of the Myrtle family. it has a botanical name of Cauliflora, which means that this can flower and bear fruit on the mature branches and trunk.

During the flowering period, clusters of tiny white flowers cover the tree all over its branches and trunk. These will soon form into dark berries that are usually being sold in many delicatessens.

The fruits’ kernels are the ones that can be grown as bonsai that make gorgeous indoor trees. As mentioned earlier, the bark of this tree peels off in curls once the branches and trunk expand.  

Jaboticaba bonsai care

Jaboticaba Care and Info

Caring for your Jaboticaba Bonsai is a must to ensure that it will grow healthy for as long as you hope it to. 

Jaboticaba bonsai climate

Your Jaboticaba Bonsai will thrive indoors with high light and prefers to be kept outdoors throughout the months of spring and summer. It is recommended to put the tree on a table in front of a window or on the windowsill if the nighttime temperatures go lower than 45 degrees.

Once the low temperatures every night approach the 40-degree mark, this is now the time for your Jaboticaba Bonsai to be brought inside. The best location indoors is on a windowsill that faces towards the south. The second best spot is a west or east exposure.

Although a northern exposure can also work, it will require using grow lights to offer enough light for maintaining the health of your Jaboticaba Bonsai. Sunlight for 4 to 6 hours daily is enough but it is also better if you can provide more.

Jaboticaba bonsai fertilizer

It is necessary to fertilize your Jaboticaba Bonsai for it to remain beautiful and healthy. Since your bonsai will grow in a small soil quantity, you need to replenish the nutrient supply of the soil every so often. Any general-purpose liquid fertilizer can do just fine and you can find this at many garden centers.

It is recommended to use the fertilizers at half the recommended strength. You need to apply the fertilizer at least once per month except in winter. The Jaboticaba Bonsai also responds well to the foliar feeding in which the water-soluble fertilizer is applied as a spray every other month

Jaboticaba bonsai pruning

Pruning Jaboticaba

Pinching and trimming can keep the Jaboticaba Bonsai miniature. Try pinching and trimming back new growth to the farthest safe area. You should never remove all new growth.

You need to leave a little to maintain the tree’s health. Subtropical and tropical trees need periodic trimming and pinching all year-round. You need to evaluate the growth rate of the tree and adjust the pinching and trimming accordingly.

Jaboticaba bonsai repotting

You need to periodically repot your Jaboticaba Bonsai once the pot is filled with the root system. The reason for doing so is to supply fresh soil to the tree and encourage a more compact root system. Being a deciduous tree, it is best to repot your Jaboticaba Bonsai every 2 or 3 years. However, since every tree is different, this schedule may not hold all the time so you need to check the root system of your tree every year to know if it is pot-bound already.

Most of the time, the process of repotting is safe and easy if done at the right time of the year properly. Repotting is best done during mid-summer. You need to remove the tree from the pot together with all the soil.

You also need to remove the bottom and outermost fourth off the root mass of the tree. You can do it by raking away the soil and pruning the roots back.

Most of the time, it is not a wise idea to prune back over one-fourth of the root mass of the tree. Once done, you can place back the tree to another pot or its original one.

Jaboticaba bonsai pests and diseases

Since your Jaboticaba Bonsai is a miniature tree, you can treat it for diseases and pests just like how you do with other trees. Once you discover any diseases or insects, use the right products to get rid of the problem. 

Jaboticaba bonsai soil

For your Jaboticaba Bonsai, you can use the usual bonsai soil or you can also go for a mixture of loam, sand, and peat moss with a ratio of 1:2:2.

Jaboticaba bonsai watering

You should never neglect to water your Jaboticaba Bonsai. You need to apply a water well before you notice that the soil has dried out. It is never wise to let the soil become totally dry.

You might also want to use a moisture meter before you know your Bonsai tree’s specific requirements. Water must be applied until it starts to run out of the holes found in the pot’s bottom.

How you water the Jaboticaba Bonsai is not what matters here and instead, it is all about how well watered the tree is once you are done.

Jaboticaba bonsai sunlight requirements

Put your Jaboticaba Bonsai in a partially shaded and light place like a bright window. You can keep this tree indoors throughout the year but you will have to take it outdoors from mid-spring up to summer then grow it in an area with partial shade.

When winter comes, you need to put this in a room that has a temperature ranging from 61o to 75o Fahrenheit and give it 50% humidity to get the best results.

Why jaboticaba bonsai losing leaves

There are just a few reasons for your Jaboticaba Bonsai to drop or lose its leaves. Underwatering, overwatering, lack of light and the possibility that your tree is suffering from a disease are among the most common reasons for this problem to happen.

Jaboticaba bonsai fruit

Probably the most exciting thing about the Jaboticaba Bonsai is the creamy-white and fluffy looking flowers as well as its dark fruits that resemble grapes that grow directly on the trunk. There is a chance that you have already heard of the myth that the trees don’t fruit when grown in a Bonsai pot.

Well, the truth is that they do. The fact that it is grown in a pot doesn’t have anything to do with its ability to bear fruits. If your Jaboticaba Bonsai tree doesn’t fruit, there is a chance that it is not yet old enough, it is grown indoors, or it is not fed properly.

It takes about 21 to 25 days before the flowers turn into fruits. The grape-like fruits of the Jaboticaba Bonsai are tasty and edible and they are even known to produce fine wine.

The fruit of Jaboticaba Bonsai matures in a bit less than 30 days. You need to pick the fruits after they turn black or dark purple to ensure that they have the highest amount of sugar. They have a unique taste but the texture is also the same as that of grapes.

How long does it take to grow jaboticaba bonsai

Jaboticaba Bonsai is most typically propagated from seeds. It will take around two years for a small seedling to develop. The seedlings are quite slow to mature and it is also rare for them to endure the trimming and transplanting of bonsai aficionados.

But, older plants can tolerate well pruning of branches and roots alike. You can also grow Jaboticaba Bonsai from air layers and cuttings but their development may be rather slow. 

Since it is slow-growing and it can take 8 to 15 years for fruits to bear from seed, Bonsai hobbyists usually start this Bonsai with pre-bonsai or an established nursery stock.

How long do jaboticaba bonsai live

Your Jaboticaba Bonsai can last for many years as long as you take care of it properly and make sure that you meet all of its growing requirements.

You also need to repot the tree every couple of years and continue to water it.

The Jaboticaba can make a pretty Bonsai because of its natural growth stratification and the appearance of its barks.

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